Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu places a strong emphasis on Junbi Taiso, Kihon and Kata, often combining the three in the introductory warm up to each training session, aerobic exercise is thus paired with actual technique to build stamina and endurance. The Sanchin Kata with its Isometric exercises has always been one of the main Kata of Hakuda Ryu Kempo, alongside the paired Ko Kami No Kata series. Kihon Kata have also been used to teach basic Uke waza and Atemi waza (Blocking and striking techniques), the focus has thus always been on applying the techniques with a partner at varing levels of speed and intensity. More recently some Shorin Ryu Kata has been introduced into Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu in order to supplement the Shorei basis of the style. There are various themes to the Kata now used as part of the style, for example; Sanchin, Seisan and Chinto all show a clear relationship to the Crane styles, as do our two Chi Gong sets. The Kata Naihanchi, Passai Dai and Kusanku are major Kata and are the hallmark of the Shorin Ryu styles. These three Kata also have a Takemura based version seen at the Bugeikan, Gensei Ryu, Shikan Ryu and Kenshin-Kan Goju. We believe that the practise of Kata is important both from the point of view of exercise as well as in honing technique through solo and paired practise, the later being the Bunkai (Application of Kata).
The Kata of Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu at the present time include:
1. Sanchin (9th Kyu Yellow) Hakuda Ryu Sanchin Kata .wmv
2. Seisan (8th Kyu Orange)Shorin Seisan.wmv
3. Naihanchi (7th Kyu Red) Basic Naihanchi.wmv
3a. Hakuda Ryu Naihanchi (6th Kyu Green) Hakuda Ryu Kempo Naihanchi.wmv3b. Takemura Naihanchi (5th Kyu Blue) Bugeikan Takemura Naihanchi.wmv
4. Ryufa Sho (4th Kyu Purple) Ryufa Sho Kata.wmv
5. Ryufa (Takemura Passai) (3rd Kyu Brown) Ryufa 1.wmv6. Chinto (2nd Kyu Brown) Chinto Kata 1.wmv
7. Passai Dai (1st Kyu Brown) Passai Dai 1.wmv
Yudansha (Black Belt) Kata include:
8. Kusanku Kusanku Dai 1.wmv
Bugeikan Te Kata9. Nidapabu Sho Nidan Pabu Sho.wmv.flv
Nei Chi Kung Hakutsuru forms include: 2 Crane Chi Kung Sets:
11. Uniting with the six directions.
12. Communicating with Man, Heaven and Earth.
Hakuda Ryu Kempo Kata include:
13. Kihon Kata Kihon Kata set 1 .wmv
14. Kansetsu Ude Waza Kata (Arm locking Kata) Locking Kata.wmv
15. Ko Kami No Kata Shodan (Paired Kata) Ko Kami No Shodan Kata mail.wmv
1. Sanchin (Three Battles) Kata is practised and there are a number of variations of this Kata. The one of the more common versions is shown in the moving image to the left below. This is based on the Goju Ryu version. This kata has its origins in the Shorei Ryu, specifically the Naha Te restored by Kanryo Higaonna, the iron fist warrior, who had researched early Chinese Fighting methods associated with the Fukkien Chinese Community, that once lived around the Naha village region (Nagamine 2000). Chojun Miyagi, Higaonna's student founded the style Goju Ryu and the Sanchin kata is the basis of many the other kata in that style. See the following article: http://www.fightingarts.com/reading/article.php?id=648
The photograph (below right) shows a lesser known version called Moto Te Sanchin versions is shown here practised by the Motobu Udun Di students of Seikichi Uehara. At one time Moto Te Sanchin kata was also practised at the Bugeikan of Seitoku Higa.
Other Karate Kata's practised in Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu at the present time include:
The name Seisan means 13 hands, prior to 1903 this Kata was taught in
the Shuri and the Naha villages of Okinawa. The Kata is generally
regarded as the oldest of the Shorei Ryu or Naha Te Kata. There are
some differences between the various versions taught with the Shorei
styles of Goju and Uechi Ryu making use of Sanchin stance and the
Matsumura Shorin Ryu version which does not use the Sanchin stance at all. The Uechi
Ryu version is probably the most unique and differs substantially from
the Goju and Shorin versions. In Shotokan the Kata is known as
Hangetsu or Half/Crescent (Han) Moon (Getsu) mainly because of the
stance and stepping movements used which are similar to Sanchin kata
stance and steps. The first version of Seisan taught in Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu is a version based on the
Shinseido Shorin Ryu system of Shuri Te but with a specific emphasis on various ways of performing techniques that have come from Shorei Kempo. The Kata is practised in Hakuda Ryu both with and without Sanchin posture and stepping. We regard Sanchin kata as the training kata and Seisan as the fighting Kata of the Shorei Ryu Naha Te Kempo that we practise.
After having learnt the Sanchin, training kata and the Seisan, fighting kata of Shorei Ryu, the training kata of Shorin Ryu Shuri Te Kempo known as Naihanchi Kata: is used to introduce some Shorin Ryu principles.
3. Naihanchi Kata:
also known as Naifanchi and Tekki. This Kata was believed to have been
a favourite of Choku Motobu and features in the two books written by
him. The kata is believed by some to have original come from Soken
Matsumura, but there is no solid historical evidence to support this, so the real originator of the Kata is unknown at present. This kata was practised mainly in the Shuri and Tomari
districts which now make up Naha city in Okinawa. The Naihanchi Kata was the first Kata practised in Okinawan Karate up until 1907 when Ankoh Itosu created
the Pinan Kata.
A Note on the Pinan/Heian Kata
The Pinan or Heian Kata were designed for the teaching of Okinawan Karate for the Okinawan Public School system. Itosu taught Funakoshi, and it was through Itosu's efforts that Funakoshi was able to introduced Karate into Japan through its institutes of physical education, where what Funakoshi taught became known eventually as Shotokan. Shotokan forms the basis of many Japanese styles of Karate and these styles often use Pinan or Heian Kata as their first kata. In Hakuda Ryu Kempo we do not practise the Pinan Kata as we regard these essentially as those forms that were developed for the physical education institutions of an Imperial Pre War Japan, the Meiji, rather than of traditional Okinawan origins.
In traditional Okinawan Styles that have their origin in the Shuri and Tomari districts it is the Naihanchi that is practised first. The Naihanchi Kata is only ever officially stated as part of the curriculum of the Shorin Ryu styles of karate, it is also practised by some Shorei Ryu practitioners as well. It therefore seems likely that the Naihanchi Kata was known to all who practised Toudi in the Naha, Shuri and Tomari districts. There are three stages in the training of Shorin Ryu Shuri Te Kempo that are refelcted in the three versions of the Naihanchi kata that we practise. The first is a Shorin Ryu version common to Matsumura Shuri Te which was passed to Choyu Motobu by Sokon Matsumura. The first version, Matsumura Naihanchi; forms the foundation for learning the other versions of this Kata. The second version of Naihanchi practised is the Hakuda Ryu Naihanchi version which differs in tempo and in the method of stepping and striking at the same time, this prepares one for learning the final version of Naihanchi which is the first Kata of Takemura Shuri Te.
a. Hakuda Ryu Naihanchi Kata: This
Kata advances the principles of Naihanchi by applying the combined striking and stepping methods of Hakuda Ryu Kempo to the Kata and provides the basis for
learning the Takemura Naihanchi Kata.
b. Takemura Naihanchi: This is a variation of the Kata Naihanchi Shodan, whilst the basic movements of the Kata are the same there is a difference in the way of moving and some slight alteration of technique. This Kata is believed to have been taught by Bushi Takemura (a Kohai of Soken Matsumura) to Soko Kishomoto and onto Seitoku Higa (Bugeikan) and Seiken Shukumine, the creator of Gensei Ryu and Taido, a version of this kata is still practised in Gensei Ryu, Tachemura Ha Shikan Ryu and at the Bugeikan today. The Bugeikan is believed to have preserved the Kata in its original form, but there does still seem to be a number of variants of this kata over a particular time period.
4. Ryufa Sho: The
Ryufa Sho is a short kata developed within our school in order to teach
some fundamental principles of the Kata Ryufa. The Kata is very short
and focuses on hikite, stepping and Yama Zuki techniques that are seen
in the main kata of Ryufa. Whilst still using the pattern from the original Hakuda Ryu kihon set from which this kata was developed, it is still taught alongside the other Kihon Kata of Hakuda Ryu, prior to the introduction of the Nidanpabu Sho kata (See Bugeikan Te Kata in the section below)
sometimes spelt as Rufua, has been in various derivatives known by
other names and is believed to be a version of Passai passed on from a Bushi Takemura, a Kohai of Sokon Matsumura. A
version of what some call Ryufa/Rufua is taught in Gensei Ryu where it is known as
Shukumine No Passai, indicating that this is part of the Passai series of kata. There were a series of Kata called Rufua at the Bugeikan
and these are believed to have been based on Chinese Dragon Gung Fu. What is more comonly known as Ryufa in Ken Shin Kan Goju Ryu and Shikan Ryu styles associated with Seiichi Akamine, is in fact a version of Takemura Passai as taught to Sokon Shukimune and Seitoku Higa by Soko Kishomoto. It appears likely that Seiichi Akamine learnt this kata from Seiken Shukimune and modified it in accordance with his own stylistic influences. The version practised in Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu is based on the Naha Te influenced Ken Shin Kan Goju version with a strong Shuri Te influence
7. Passai Dai:
This Kata is also more commonly known in Japanese Karate as Bassai Dai,
the name is often interpreted as to Breach or penetrate a fortress or
even to thrust asunder. This Kata is said to teach night
fighting,grappling techniques and defences against grabbing and
grappling techniques. This is a very old Kata and was historically
practised by many famous Karateka such as Chotoku Kyan, Bushi Matsumura, the Oyadomari family of
Tomari, Choki Motobu and Choshin Chibana. There are many different
versions of this Kata even within one particular style. Ankoh Itosu,
who was Funakoshi's teacher developed his own version of this Kata, one
assumes for introducing it into the Okinawan Schools system along with the Pinan kata. Itosu's student Gichin Funakoshi who founded Shotokan developed his own version. In Hakuda
Ryu Kempo Jutsu we practise a form of Shuri Te Passai Dai which was passed to us by Shinseido Shuri Te and which is informed by the Matsumura Kempo Shorin Ryu of Yuichi Kuda. Yuichi Kuda was a former student of Shigeru Nakamura of Okinawan Kenpo, and later of Hohan Soko of Matsumura Shorin Ryu and Seitoku Higa of the Bugeikan. The importance of this kata is in the transition between movements, the emphasis is in developing hardness out of softness.
The following two forms Chi Kung sets are also based on the movements of the Crane:
We practise two Crane Chi Gong sets known most commonly as first and second sets (1 & 2):
11. Uniting with the Six directions:
Both of these sets are taught quite early on in Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu and Nihon Go Shin Kage Ryu and used as cool down exercises after practise, it is only at
1st Kyu Brown Belt in Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu that these sets are taught and practised as Chi Kung in the manner shown in the video links above. The emphasis in these two sets when first practised is also on specific movements that are found in our Kata that reflects elements of the Crane and Ti.
13. Kihon Kata: this Kata is a very basic form where the movements are repeated twice on one side and once on the other side. The Kihon Kata is relatively simple to perform and consists of basic blocking and striking movements with steps and turns. once the Kata has been learnt it is use in order to teach Bunkai or application of basic Karate/Kempo techniques.
The following Hakuda Ryu Kempo Jutsu Kata are always practised practised in pairs:
14. Kansetsu Ude Waza Kata:
This is basically a Kata practised with a partner that involves
blocking, striking, trapping and locking. It is the first two man kata
to be learnt in our Goshin Jutsu that comes from our Kempo Jutsu. The Kata emphasises the attacking, locking and trapping of the arms along with Some of the striking techniques that can be found in the Ko Kami No Kata.
15. Ko Kami No Shodan involves two people engaging in the use of the following techniques:Striking (Kyusho/Atemi Waza)